Properly preparing your farm for the arrival of the rainy season in Costa Rica can help minimize the effects of adverse weather conditions and ensure that animals and crops are protected and well cared for during this season.

Together with our specialized farm advisor Alfonso Sancho, we talked about what to take into account to make your farm ready for the rainy season.

Influence of natural factors

The imbalance in external factors can cause problems for the producer, since it modifies the status of the crop and the health of the animals, making them more sensitive or susceptible to fungi, pests, and diseases. The consequences are summarized in high maintenance and production costs, which ultimately affect the well-being and profitability of the farm’s operation.

This is what you should take into account to keep your farm in the most optimal state:

1. Evacuation of rainwater

If the growing and grazing area suffers from flooding or stagnant water, determine where the lowest part of the land is and carry out drainage works. This allows excess soil water to be vented to the lowest part of the land, which is usually a nearby river or lake. The water must drain naturally through the channels and drains to optimize the evacuation.

2. Presence of a river or a body of water:

If the farm crosses or passes near a body of water; this implies that there may be a risk of flooding. To prevent this from affecting the farm, you must:
  • Avoid building houses, corrals and warehouses very close to the body of water.
  • Relocate animals to higher areas or paddocks and at a greater distance from the body of water.

3. Veterinary supplies and others

 It is advisable to have a farm warehouse with veterinary supplies that help provide palliative care and timely primary care to the animals. It is normal and occasional for respiratory and skin diseases to arise with the onset of rain, in many of the species of cattle and horses. Fungi and more specific diseases can occur in other minor species.

You can have food inputs or supplements that help stimulate the rate of caloric energy in the animals when the pastures are affected by excessive rainfall, lack of sun or volcanic ash.

It is always important to have an emergency kit that includes anti-venom serums for snake bites, hydration serums, alcohol, gauze, bandages, and adhesives. As well as water and phone numbers in case of emergencies.

4. Road maintenance

Whatever the operation on the farm, it is important to give constant and adequate maintenance to the internal and external roads. This guarantees that the work to be carried out on the farm won’t be interrupted over time. That is to say, that the crops can be collected without deterioration or affectation in the quality of the product or to move the animals from a pasture to the corral.

External access must always be enabled and must guarantee that the products or fruits of the farm’s operation can go to the markets easily and safely.

Other recommended practices

Reforestation! The rainy season is the appropriate period to plant the trees that will eventually provide shade for the animals, and help mitigate the high temperatures in the dry season.

  • Reforestation paddocks: The reforestation of paddocks can be a beneficial process to restore degraded areas and promote environmental conservation. Evaluate the paddock’s site. Consider factors such as soil type, climate, water availability and topography, this will help you determine which species of plants and trees are best suited to the conditions.

  • River margins: there are fast-growing species of trees and shrubs, which have good roots and provide a secure anchorage to support the soil and prevent erosion and the escape of the earth into the rivers.

  • Start the program of live fences within the farm: in Costa Rica there are fast-growing and maintenance wood species that are used to rearbolize the perimeter fences and the fences of the farm’s paddocks. In some specific cases, these species will serve to feed the livestock and to provide shade, freshness and natural beauty during the dry season.

Farms can be affected by adverse weather conditions during the rainy season and preparing for this time can help minimize the negative effects.

If you are interested in buying, selling or investing in farms, do not hesitate to visit our portfolio of specialized properties throughout the national territory.

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